Drone rules on final approach

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The FAA submitted two final rules to the president’s Office of Management and Budget on October 5, proposals for remote identification of unmanned aircraft and operation of small unmanned aircraft over people. The White House budget office has 90 days to review the new regulations, meaning they could be published before the end of the year. AOPA is hopeful that the final rules will reflect suggested changes we argued for on behalf of the general aviation community when the rules were proposed.

AOPA has been actively engaged in a collaborative approach with government and industry to safely integrate unmanned aircraft into our shared national airspace for many years. An original member of the FAA Drone Advisory Committee, as well as the FAA Unmanned Aircraft Safety Team and various national and international organizations developing standards for the industry, AOPA has worked to support realizing the benefits that unmanned aircraft can provide without increasing the level of risk to manned aviation.

The FAA proposed a risk-based approach to allowing drones to fly over people and at night without a waiver in January 2019, though the agency made clear at the time that having a regulated capability to remotely identify unmanned aircraft was a prerequisite. Nearly two years later, both final rules are approaching publication.

Certification policy welcomed

FAA approval of Amazon Prime Air’s petition for exemption in August  brought to three the number of applicants granted preliminary permission to conduct unmanned package delivery operations at designated test sites. Similar exemptions granted to UPS Inc. and Wing still leave the front-runners in the race to scale up drone delivery with additional hurdles to clear: type certification of their aircraft, and air carrier certification under Part 119.

AOPA Senior Director of Regulatory Affairs Christopher Cooper welcomed the recent FAA policy announcement on UAS certification published in September because an aircraft certification process for UAS used for commercial package delivery will help assure incumbent airspace users that these drones can operate safely among us.

“The proprietary and varied nature of this emerging technology has caused concerns of reliability and safety, none more important than how package delivery drones will detect other objects in the airspace and maneuver to avoid them,” Cooper said. “While we cannot evaluate a waiver or exemption application in any meaningful way without knowing the details of how the systems work, we can at least have some assurance that a type certification process

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