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Final rules released by the FAA in late December 2020 require Remote Identification (Remote ID) of drones.
The new rules also allow drone pilots to fly over people and at night — under certain conditions.
These rules come at a time when drones represent the fastest-growing segment in the entire transportation sector — with more than 1.7 million drone registrations and 203,000 FAA-certificated remote pilots as of late 2020.
“These final rules carefully address safety, security and privacy concerns while advancing opportunities for innovation and utilization of drone technology,” said U.S. Secretary of Transportation Elaine L. Chao.
Remote ID is a “major step toward the full integration of drones into the national airspace system,” FAA officials said in a prepared release.
“Remote ID provides identification of drones in flight, as well as the location of their control stations, providing crucial information to our national security agencies and law enforcement partners, and other officials charged with ensuring public safety,” officials explained. “Airspace awareness reduces the risk of drone interference with other aircraft and people and property on the ground.”
Equipping drones with Remote ID technology builds on previous steps taken by the FAA and the drone industry to integrate operations safely into the national airspace system, according to FAA officials.
The Remote ID rule applies to all operators of drones that require FAA registration. There are three ways to comply with the operational requirements:
Operate a standard Remote ID drone that broadcasts identification and location information of the drone and control station; Operate a drone with a Remote ID broadcast module (may be a separate device attached to the drone), which broadcasts identification, location, and takeoff information; or Operate a drone without Remote ID but at specific FAA-recognized identification areas.
Part 107 of the federal aviation regulations currently prohibits covered drone operations over people and at night
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